more heuristic in that it did propose a developmental process leading to suicide. Concerned about possible consequences, physicians who have assisted death generally have not spoken openly of these actions. There are some cases of love pacts in the Western world, but this type of pact is particularly frequent in the Eastern world where there are strict rules concerning dowry and marriage. The practice of ending the life of a suffering patient was so well established by the fifth century.C.E. Whatever the future might hold for assisted death it is more likely to be worked out through the ballot, legislative acts, and consensus. For example, was this person of sound mind in making the request, or was judgment clouded and confused? Modern Man and Mortality. The Hippocratic oath offered a landmark definition of the physician's responsibilities. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. These behaviors, while obviously self-destructive, do not have the characteristic of conscious decisionmaking that is unique to humans. Henry, Andrew., and James.
Medicines Position Is Both Pivotal And Precarious In Assisted Suicide Debate.". As Dworkin puts it, whatever view we take about euthanasia, we want the right to decide for ourselves.(239). The Many Faces of Suicide. Some forensic experts and prosecuting attorneys, however, classify these deaths as homicides. Instead most psychological research on suicidal behavior is based on the simple additive effect of a variety of psychological and experiential factors, such as loss of parents through death, experience of sexual and physical abuse, low self-esteem, and depression. They do not see this as a responsibility or an ethical act as medical personnel. In most cases, the male plays the dominating role.
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Early Theories of Individual Suicide Suicide is an uncommon behavior, occurring in less than 50 out of every 100,000 people in nations with the highest suicide rate. The choice would also put a halt to the financial worries of these families. Right to Die versus Sacredness of Life. Subsequent research has shown that hopelessness, which is one component of the syndrome of depression, is a much more powerful predictor of subsequent suicidal behavior than other components of the syndrome. These "altruistic" mercy killings often assume the semblance of informal suicide pacts. These seminal theories are the foundation for more recent theories developed by suicidologists that account for both individual suicides and suicide rates within a society. At the societal level, Henry and Short argued that the primary factor was the extent of the external restraints on people's behavior. Legalization, with medical record documentation and reporting requirements, will enable authorities to regulate the practice and guard against abuses, while punishing real offenders(Smith 409).
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