departments have authority over line personnel in narrow areas of specialization is known as functional authority organisation. (ii) Staff or functional authority organisational structure. It needs to be clear that for all but a handful of jobs, working from home still requires child care. However, there are some disadvantages also. This type of organisation is often used when the firm has to be highly responsive to a rapidly changing external environment.
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Line and Staff Organisational Structure : Most large organisations belong to this type of organisational structure. In some projects (complex activity consisting of a number of interdependent and independent activities) work process may flow horizontally, diagonally, upwards and downwards. No one tool can provide the complete support. In terms of modelling language, bpmn and UML activity diagrams cover pretty much the same conceptual space with different notations. I personally prefer AD notation over bpmn - but it's a very personal thing. Uses: Used in organisations that face considerable environmental uncertainty that can be met through a divisional structure and that also required functional expertise or efficiency This type of structure is used by multinational companies operating in the global environment, for example, International Business Machines USA. These types of specialized staff are (a) Advisory, (b) Service, (c) Control.g., (a) Advisory: Management information system, Operation Research and Quantitative Techniques, Industrial Engineering, Planning etc (b) Service: Maintenance, Purchase, Stores, Finance, Marketing. When more than one person is involved in accomplishing a certain task, particularly when it is a large project, it helps for everyone to have a small portion of the responsibility to ensure things get done versus loading one or two people with too much. Thus production cost also decreases with the reduced raw material cost, operational costs and lower wages of the employees in these geographic locations.